British India Sunday painting

Painting B I Sunday proved to be an 18 month grand adventure with my profound thanks going to the many good people who helped research and make this possible.

S S Kenya, Maiden Arrival, Mombassa
British India Sunday, Mombassa

76 x 121 cm (30″ x 48″), prints available from this website Marine Prints page. Commissioned by J. Leeson & Son.

A Unique Event, Mombasa, Kenya – 16th September 1951” all berths occupied by ships of one fleet including the dry dock, ships of the British India Steam Navigation Company.

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The ships named left to right are as follows and are included on the remaque on each signed print;

Modasa, Mombasa, Kenya, Karanja, Mantola (with Tabora alongside), Kampala;  not shown in this perspective, Sofala was on African Marine’s slip. 

‘Sofala’, original drawing used with the remarque on the prints, she was in the dry dock;  available, £80.

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Part of my challenge included how to make this visually ‘interesting’ and an authentic historical document too.
Together we have created a memorable scene, “Kenya, B I Sunday“, being a probably unique occasion when all the berths were take by ships of the same company, at that time the largest shipping company in the world.
We felt this was worth recording for others to share and a way of speaking to the present and future generations, of their heritage. 

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It was with much regret I packed this painting ready for shipment to England and eventually its new home.

British India

The British India S N Co operated many similar ships, two ‘M’ class and two ‘K’ class appear in this painting.
B I ships were popular, loved locally, good signs for any business.
B I was at one time the largest merchant fleet in the world, with an excellent safety record so it is fair to conclude the design must have worked well for the region in which the ship was employed.
So far and without a single exception, everyone I’ve met who worked for or travelled with B I remembers the company with great affection, including Sir Robin Knox-Johnston who started his illustrious career as an officer cadet with B I.
The British India Steam Navigation Company founded by two enterprising Scots, if I remember correctly in 1858, certainly a company to be proud of.

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British India Sunday, The story of  new marine painting in the making.

B I Sunday, sketch 9 C
B I Sunday, sketch 9 C

A nice compliment to share with you, a comment received today (16.08.2016) via email from a happy client for whom I’ve just completed “B I Sunday”.

There is more than a stroke of “luck” in Mr Frickers brush !!

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B I Sunday 15.08.16
B I Sunday 15.08.16

This New Marine Painting

This drawing below lacks colour as yet which is critical to the composition it is in the correct proportions, the ships are correctly scaled for the perspective so ready for marking out and painting 76 x 121 cm, 48″ x 30″ canvas.


B I Sunday sketch B I S 9 C, detail 1
B I Sunday sketch B I S 9 C, detail 1

I have reluctantly omitted any small craft, local traffic, dhows, shown in an earlier less developed sketch B I S 8 B except one small detail; the island car ferry (far right).

B I Sunday sketch B I S 9 C, detail 2
B I Sunday sketch B I S 9 C, detail 2, Kenya docking

This in part because of the considerable time taken to get the complex composition to this stage.
With no photograph showing this exact scene involving eight ships, lighting, where would the sun have been, time of day etc and the shore side facilities, number and types of cranes, warehouses etc all had to be carefully checked for position and appearance.

B I Sunday sketch B I S 9 C, detail 3
B I Sunday sketch B I S 9 C, detail 3

There are a variety of local vessels and such like, including yachts from the local club which I propose to add to the final painting.

About B I Sunday

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This commemorates a unique event when all the wharves at Mombasa, Kenya were all occupied by ships of the same company, the formally much admired and loved British India Steam Navigation Company.

In those days star date 16 September 1951, Britain still had a significant merchant ship fleet.

This painting is a proud tribute to B I and the merchant navy in general, this marine painting reminds us there was a time when 90 % of the world merchant fleet flew ‘The Red Duster’, enterprising Britons owned and operated 90 % of the world’s shipping (around the years 1900 to 1914).

Two devastating wars and worse, since 1950 the failure of all British governments to support the industry when it was challenged by heavily subsidized over seas competition has seen the demise of this great source of national wealth, British shipping, now a shadow of it’s former self.

In recent decades successive governments despite many warnings have persistently neglected the interests of both our Merchant fleet and the Royal Navy.
As a result Britons are almost entirely dependent for vital supplies and defence on foreign ship owners.

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B I Sunday, another perspective. 

B I Sunday, (detail)
I was asked on Facebook “Why isn’t the kid paddling too ?”
I replied “Chris Fagg, If I remember correctly, Abdul Rahim Abubakar will know for certain, he’s not a kid. He’s a little buoy used for securing the canoes. Not paddling because he is a prince of the sea going tribe of Glugglugooh, you must of heard of them? They are well known around Mombassa. Part French, His name is Foo Ar d’Lookout”.

My client who has become a good friend while we worked on this painting and “Bamora and Canberra” wrote the following:


Working in partnership with GF on an earlier commission, the subject of BI Sunday was raised.

Placed on the back burner at the time, we both felt it would make for a great challenge, enhancing this historic event by hopefully creating an outstanding painting.

What was BI Sunday?

BI Sunday was a day of circumstance unplanned unscheduled. The departure of a Holland Africa Ship “Bloemfontein”( Not to be confused with the Union Castle ship “Bloemfontein Castle”) earlier in the day gave way for a further BI Ship to berth in Kilindini Harbour. This ensured that every commercial berth in Mombasa, including the dry dock slip was then occupied by the ships of one company. British India Steam Navigation Co. The day quickly became known as BI Sunday.

Despite over 40 years experience within the maritime industry I am unaware of any other similar occasion involving any other Ship Owning Company. It is not beyond the bounds of possibility in the 1960’s BI’s presence was again noticeable in Mombasa. Documented evidence refers only to Sunday 16th September 1951, a feat in its own right worthy of recording in memory of a great company much loved and respected.

The event clearly showed the diversity of the ships managed and owed by this company B.I. From the small lighter TABORA to their flag ship KENYA on her maiden voyage. Had all eight ships been in Mombasa a month or two earlier this picture could so easily have shown a BI tug in service THIKA working barges up and down the coast. She was sold in August 1951.

KENYA was the cause / reason for the over-sized funnel of UGANDA. KENYA’s funnel was found not ideal for passengers when steaming into a head wind; smut would fall on the decks towards the stern. Builders Barclay Curle to cure the problem decided on the sister ship to construct a funnel 12 feet taller than KENYA’s. This becoming a much loved feature of UGANDA (see GF’s painting…)

A Gentleman Mr A. P. Herbert wrote of these two fine ships

“But you should see two sisters pass in style

No further than a fraction of a mile

The latest, swiftest of a splendid line,

As like bottles of a noble wine.”

Referring to sister ships, I would like to share an amusing tale ensuring that the navigational officers on board KARANJA” and KAMPALA were kept alert. Both ships a day or two off Seychelles would try and reduce the amount of smoke blowing and then attempt to spot the other ship before they were seen. Whether any money exchanged hands I am unsure, but perhaps the odd beer was bought in the bars of such ports as Mombasa.

Another point of interest I learnt whilst researching this fantastic day, quoting from Mr J Robertson who at the time was a junior engineer officer

“An other first for Mombasa and the BI Sunday was that a Masonic meeting was held onboard the KENYA in conjunction with the local Masonic Lodge in Mombasa. This was first and only Masonic event that I had ever heard of involving BI Ships in all of my 12 years with the BI.”

P + O archives (The company that fully absorbed BI into its group in ……..) suggests the arrival of KENYA on her maiden voyage completed the line up. A BI junior serving engineer officer on “Mombasa” did make comment that perhaps MOMBASA was the later arrival. Research has been unable to verify fully either interpretation.

BI Sunday reflects a time in our maritime industry when officers were highly trained skilled, and much respected. No computerised charts, Celestial navigation was compulsory (unlike today when a second officer serving on a passenger ship only last year commented thankfully we do not have to study navigation by the stairs, this involves complicated calculations!). Communications of the day ensuring that decisions had to be taken on the spot, and not pending an answer on email from Head Office.

MOMBASA entering Kilindini harbour experienced a breakdown of the steering gear motor on the hydraulic system. Mr Roberston further commented of that day. The channel leading into Kilindini was fairly narrow and hazardous and we narrowly added more excitement to BI Sunday. We did not require a Pilot for arriving in port, our Captain Cunningham’s vast experience as a seaman came to our rescue when he steered the ship by the main engines. Although this caused us Engineers a hectic job of manoeuvring the engines, he brought us alongside the pier without even a slight bump.

I would like to think that between Mr Frickers the BI officers who can still recall the day and myself we have created a picture that will be remembered for many years as the company BI that once was.

J. Leeson, Keston, Kent.

Simple, secure, place a deposit or payment on our Payment page to acquire or commission a Gordon Frickers original painting (or in some cases a Heritage quality print) or feel free to

Contact Frickers paintings and prints

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Email: : note, the ‘at’ is to fool robots and should be replaced with @

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